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RESOURCE TYPE: Blog
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Where we live can have a huge influence on our social and economic wellbeing – but what happens when that housing is precarious? In new research, Geraldine Palmer examines housing dispersal strategies – historically used to improve the quality of life for public housing residents – by nonprofit providers to address homelessness. She finds that the built environment (in the form of specific buildings) is key in determining social and economic...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Chapter 3 focuses on how ideas about gender and homelessness impact on homelessness policies, services and the situation of homeless women in Europe. The power of culturally specific definitions and images of homelessness is significant. Access to homelessness services and chances of women exiting homelessness appear to be conditional upon the perceived conduct of women in many European countries. The design and organization of services for...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Chapter 7 examines the health of homeless women, which is an under-researched topic in most European countries. It presents an overview of the available European research evidence on the health of homeless women and the factors that influence homeless women’s access to health services in different national health care and welfare systems. Although the knowledge base is patchy, thus limiting the extent to which comparisons can be made between...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Efforts to support positive parenting among homeless families are critical for promoting the mental health and developmental needs of children exposed to homelessness. Psychosocial preventive interventions seeking to improve parenting practices and child outcomes can make an important contribution in this regard, yet further research is needed to investigate the effects of such programs. In particular, little is known about which subgroups...

JOURNAL NAME: Urban Affairs Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Laws restricting the behaviors of homeless people in public places are proliferating. Proponents argue that such “quality of life” laws will encourage homeless people to move off the streets and into services, and thereby improve their quality of life. Critics argue that these laws target vulnerable individuals and show little evidence of improving the lives of homeless people. To inform this debate, this article reports data from two...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The homeless population has complex needs. Peers with experience of homelessness offer unique perspectives in supporting those experiencing homelessness. Peer support fostered and developed by professional organisations, termed intentional peer support (IPS), formalises this process. This review aims to assess the effectiveness of IPS as an intervention with young adults and adult homeless persons (including streetdwelling and those within...

JOURNAL NAME: BMC Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening has taken on new importance as a result of updated guidelines and new curative therapies. Relatively few studies have assessed HCV infection in homeless populations, and a minority include women. We assessed prevalence and correlates of HCV exposure in a cohort of homeless and unstably housed women in San Francisco, and estimated the proportion undiagnosed.

Methods...
JOURNAL NAME: Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Organizations for runaway and homeless youth (RHY) provide essential services to highly vulnerable youth who have a wide variety of basic needs and complex psychosocial challenges. We present a mixed-methods case study of an RHY organization to identify the specific mechanisms and processes by the organization successfully promotes engagement and positive development of the youth they serve. We analyzed qualitative and quantitative data...

RESOURCE TYPE: Book/E-Book Chapter
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This is the story of an organization called Iswar Sankalpa, working with homeless persons with mental illness in the streets of Kolkata, a large metropolitan city in India. The write-up is in different sections. After discussing the issues of homeless persons with mental illness in general and describing briefly the current relevant situation in the city in the introduction, we go on to describe the birth of the organization, the ideas and...

JOURNAL NAME: Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Over the years, the rate of youth homelessness in America has steadily risen, prompting the creation and subsequent revision of corrective policies. One such policy is the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act of 1974. The Act is not a cure-all for homelessness, but it does provide services and programs specifically designed to aid homeless youth. It has had some success, but not all homeless youth benefit from it equally.

Obviously, the...

JOURNAL NAME: Community Mental Health Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The relationship between criminal justice involvement and housing among homeless persons with co-occurring disorders was examined. Program participants assisted in moving to stable housing were interviewed at baseline, six months, and discharge. Those who remained homeless at follow-up and discharge had significantly more time in jail in the past month than those who were housed. However, criminal justice involvement was not significantly...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Housing Economics
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Between 2007 and 2014 in the United States, national counts of the homeless population decreased as permanent supportive housing (PSH) for the homeless increased. Using a panel dataset from all communities across the country during this period, I investigate the effect of PSH on homeless population sizes. I first estimate the association between PSH beds and homeless counts, controlling for all time-invariant community-...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Purpose:

In 2014, Korea ranked as the first among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries on the prevalence, incidence, and mortality of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). The prevalence of TB among the homeless was 6.4% in the United State and 7.1% in South Korea. The aim of this study is to develop predicting indicators of TB by analyzing homeless people who visit the public hospital emergency department (ED). ...

JOURNAL NAME: Women's Health Issues
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background

Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is the leading intervention to end chronic homelessness. Little is known, however, about gender differences, including potential disparities in physical and mental health and social support, that might inform services available through PSH.

Methods

This study included 421 homeless adults, at least 39 years old, English- or Spanish-speaking, who were moving into PSH through 26 different...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

This research examined the sustainability of Canada's At Home/Chez Soi Housing First (HF) programs for homeless persons with mental illness 2 years after the end of the demonstration phase of a large (more than 2000 participants enrolled), five-site, randomized controlled trial. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 142 participants (key informants, HF staff, and persons with lived experience) to understand sustainability...

JOURNAL NAME: Public Health Reports
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract  The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the largest provider of hepatitis C virus (HCV) care nationally and provides health care to >200 000 homeless veterans each year. We used the VHA’s Corporate Data Warehouse and HCV Clinical Case Registry to evaluate engagement in the HCV care cascade among homeless and nonhomeless veterans in VHA care in 2015. We estimated that, among 242 740 homeless veterans in care and 5 424 712...
JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Introduction

Despite the media's attempt to perpetuate the image of the homeless loner, and the work of some early researchers suggesting homeless persons were isolated from both informal and formal networks of support (e.g., Bahr, 1973; Bogue, 1963; Rossi, 1989), research has clearly demonstrated the opposite (e.g., Irwin, LaGory, Ritchey, & Fitzpatrick, 2008; LaGory, Ritchey, & Fitzpatrick, 1991; Reitzes, Crimmins, Yarbrough, &...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Community Psychology
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

The current longitudinal study used mixed methods to examine the relationship of housing and neighborhood characteristics and community integration among a population of homeless and vulnerably housed individuals. Participants were recruited at homeless shelters, meal programs, and rooming houses in Ottawa, Canada, and participated in 3 in-person interviews, each approximately 1 year apart. Participants were placed into either a “...

ORGANIZATION: Medicine Hat Poverty Reduction Leadership Group
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The city of Medicine Hat, credited as being the first to end homelessness, is ready for their next challenge, to end poverty in all its forms and ensure wellbeing for all citizens by 2030. The THRIVE Strategy to end poverty, is a collaboration between the group leading the charge, The Poverty Reduction Leadership Group and a substantial number of community members who provided their valuable input and lent their voices to the creation of plan...

ORGANIZATION: Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Early Childhood Development Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Corporation for Supportive Housing (CSH)
RESOURCE TYPE: Toolkit
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Supportive housing for families with young children is an ideal environment to increase parent/caregiver understanding of how they can positively impact early learning. Being exposed to a safe, stable, and developmentally appropriate environment while young is important to healthy child development. This new tool contains recommendations for making supportive housing, both scattered site and single site, safe and developmentally appropriate...

JOURNAL NAME: Public Health
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2013

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the health, housing and social service needs of the hidden homeless. It has been estimated that 80% of all people experiencing homelessness are hidden homeless, and because they remain 'hidden', resources are not allocated to provide this vulnerable population with support.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a descriptive, case series research design.

METHODS: Participants were...

ORGANIZATION: Y-Foundation, The Building and Social Housing Foundation (BSHF)
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The rapid rise in homelessness, evident across much of Europe, should give us cause for concern. In a recent Housing Europe report it was suggested that ‘the number of people experiencing homelessness has increased in all [EU] countries under review except for Finland’. Without action, increasing numbers of people will die on the streets or have their life chances severely diminished. If we want to prevent this we can learn from those...

ORGANIZATION: Office of Homeless Youth, A Way Home Washington
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless Youth. These two words do not belong together. And yet, at least 13,000 young people in Washington State are without a safe and stable place to call home. Many have run from dys- functional and sometimes violent homes, been kicked out for their gender identity or sexual orientation, or separated from their family due to poverty, drug and alcohol addiction, or mental health issues. Yet they all have one thing in common – they are our...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Poverty Institute; Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The Canadian Poverty Institute and the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness are pleased to announce the launch of the Canadian Poverty Hub. The Poverty Hub will be an online repository of relevant research with respect to the causes and impacts of poverty, as well as policies and best practices in poverty prevention and reduction. The Poverty Hub will be integrated with the existing Homeless Hub to provide a searchable database for...

JOURNAL NAME: Studies in Social Science
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This paper presents a qualitative analysis of stories of adults who transitioned from being absolutely homeless to becoming housed. Participants’ stories are particularly salient for what they reveal about this transition in the midst of other challenges including substance use, criminalization, and violence, and within a neo-liberal social policy context. Through strategies of narrative analysis, two interconnected processes of becoming...

ORGANIZATION: Choices for Youth
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2016

Choices for Youth's 2015-2016 annual report. 

On average, CFY work with more than 1000 at-risk and homeless youth every year, helping them set and achieve goals for a healthy transition into adulthood.

As we continue to grow and evolve, our reach has extended to identifying and alleviating a range of barriers that youth face in attaining healthy and stable living conditions. We are actively involved in voicing the concerns of...

ORGANIZATION: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

British Columbia is the only province or territory in Canada that stubbornly refuses to develop a poverty reduction plan. This is not because BC doesn’t have a poverty problem. In fact, despite being one of Canada’s wealthiest provinces, BC has among the highest poverty rates in the country—13.2 per cent according to the Market Basket Measure (MBM), which we believe most accurately estimates current poverty. This makes BC’s poverty rate the...

ORGANIZATION: Gay and Lesbian Foundation of Australia
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
GALFA LGBTI Homelessness Research Project Stage 1 Report LGBTI Homelessness: Preliminary findings on risks, service needs and use

The pervasiveness of homelessness, both in Australia and abroad, has led to concerted efforts to understand its causes and to develop effective policies and programs that provide short and long-term supportive housing solutions to rebuild lives. Existing research feeding into policy priorities has identified a...

JOURNAL NAME: Georgia Public Health Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Background:

During an outbreak of tuberculosis (TB) in the homeless population of metropolitan Atlanta, education of homeless service providers (HSPs) about the implementation of local infection control measures was imperative to limiting the spread of TB and to preventing future outbreaks.

Methods:

By use of educational sessions and teaching posters, two interventions were designed to focus educational efforts from November 2014 to...

JOURNAL NAME: Primary Health Care
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Homeless people face huge health inequalities. The life expectancy of someone who sleeps rough is 30 years lower than the national average, and there are significant barriers to accessing healthcare. Homeless people are much less likely to be registered with a GP and poor links to primary care leads to higher use of emergency services. To reduce these stark inequalities, a different approach to healthcare is necessary, especially in major...

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