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JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The objective of this study was to examine the experience of loneliness among people with psychiatric disabilities after moving from custodial housing, including group homes, boarding homes, and family-type residences to independent, supported apartments in the community. Qualitative research methods guided by a naturalistic/constructivist framework were used. Data collection occurred between May 2014 and July 2015 and consisted of individual...

JOURNAL NAME: Sociology Compass
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While prior research establishes that youth who experience family problems are more likely to leave home before reaching adulthood, we know less regarding how peer victimization in the form of bullying may influence youths' likelihood of becoming runaways. Youth often run away from home to escape family conflict or abusive home environments. Mental illness, behavioral problems, and delinquent peers are also powerful forces predicting the...

JOURNAL NAME: Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Many transgender and gender-expansive young people live outside of mainstream society, due to structural barriers that limit access to employment, health care, education, and public accommodations, as well as prejudice and discrimination within their families and communities. These structural barriers can be understood as cisgenderism. Though a growing body of research examines lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract:

Background: Poverty has been linked to sleep disruption, which is in turn associated with health and behavior problems. Sleep disturbance may be a key mechanism by which poverty affects child development.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, appeal, and promise of a brief sleep-promoting intervention for low-income families with 4- to 8-year-old children in site-based supportive housing.

Methods: University...

JOURNAL NAME: Children and Youth Services Review
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Adolescents who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexualtransgender, or queer (LGBTQ)...

JOURNAL NAME: Health Education and Health Promotion (HEHP)
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of a native questionnaire (Perception of Sexually Transmitted Infections Questionnaire) among homeless women as a hidden layer in the Iranian society for sexually transmitted infections. 
Methods: Qualitative and quantitative content and face validities were applied. In the qualitative phase of content validity, the homeless women evaluated wording,...
JOURNAL NAME: Bloomberg Data for Good Exchange Conference
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

ABSTRACT 

New York City faces the challenge of an ever-increasing homeless population with almost 60,000 people currently living in city shelters. In 2015, approximately 25% of families stayed longer than 9 months in a shelter, and 17% of families with children that exited a homeless shelter returned to the shelter system within 30 days of leaving. This suggests that ”long-term” shelter residents and those that re-enter shelters...
ORGANIZATION: Canadian Observatory on Homelessness; Daybreak Non‐Profit Housing
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This report presents findings from the LGBTQ2S (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, Two‐Spirit) Adult Housing Needs Assessment. The report is prepared for Daybreak Non‐Profit Housing and the study received funding from the Ontario Trillium Foundation. The purpose of the needs assessment was to examine the housing and support needs of LGBTQ2S adults who have experienced homelessness. It is an important area of research, as there is a...

ORGANIZATION: Turner Strategies, A Way Home Canada, Canadian Observatory on Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The concept of “ending homelessness” has had significant impact on public policy and service responses in recent years. Just consider the number of “ending homelessness” plans, strategies, policy directions, and funding announcements not just in Canada, but internationally.

Currently, there is no internationally recognized definition of an end to homelessness, the type of indicators and targets, and a verification process for...

JOURNAL NAME: AAP News & Journals
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Hospital readmissions are influenced not only by patients’ health status but also by access to resources such as income, insurance, and social support systems. Optimizing hospital discharge education, planning, and care coordination with outpatient providers are essential strategies to prevent avoidable hospital readmissions.1 Researchers also suggest hospitals should consider social determinants of health (SDH) when assessing readmission...

JOURNAL NAME: Emerging Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

In 2015, we investigated Bartonella quintana and typhus group rickettsiae in body lice from homeless persons in Bogotá, Colombia. We found B. quintana–infected body lice and seroprevalence of this microorganism in 19% of homeless persons and typhus group rickettsiae in 56%. Public health professionals should start preemptive measures and active vector control.

JOURNAL NAME: Emerging Infectious Diseases
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The prevalence of body lice among 2,288 sheltered homeless persons in the city of Marseille during 2000–2017 was 12.2% and significantly decreased over time. We report a positive association between body lice infestations and older age, duration of stays in France for migrants, frequent consumption of alcohol, and tobacco smoking.

JOURNAL NAME: Duke Law Journal
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

ABSTRACT
 In the mid-1990s, Congress fundamentally altered the public safety net when it passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, otherwise known as welfare reform. Under the PRWORA, cash assistance was no longer an entitlement for income-qualifying families; instead, recipients faced work requirements and lifetime limits on receiving benefits. Bipartisan reformers sought to transform...

RESOURCE TYPE: Research Summary
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

While the circumstance around individuals seeking shelter are complex and varied, we know that oppressive structures, such as economic injustice, racism, and sexism, play a key role. These systematic forces interact to shape the experiences of women living with intimate partner violence (IPV) and housing issues. The narratives in this newsletter come from the courageous women who shared their stories with advocates and researchers that work...

ORGANIZATION: Homes for Families
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Structural issues are at the core of the experience of homelessness for Massachusetts families. As a group, homeless families experience deep poverty and work in low-wage jobs in a market that lacks affordable housing. Other factors that either contribute to, or are a consequence of, homelessness include intimate partner violence (IPV),7 unaddressed issues of traumatic stress and depression,8, 9, 10, 11 and challenges to parenting.12 For...

JOURNAL NAME: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

ABSTRACT 

Background: Children in families experiencing homelessness are at elevated risk for cognitive, motor, speech, and other developmental delays. Given the prevalence of family homelessness in Georgia and across the U.S., investigating the feasibility of implementing developmental screeners while families are in shelters is warranted.  Methods: Three pilot shelters were selected for the development and implementation of Quality...
JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017
Abstract

Background. We assessed whether and how health care organizations serving homeless pediatric patients meet recommendations issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

 Methods. We conducted a web-based survey of Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) Program grantees serving children. 

Results. Of 169 grantees, 77 (46%) responded. All organizations reported connecting patients to specialty services. Nearly all...

RESOURCE TYPE: Community Plan
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Safe at Home is a whole community response to the urgent issue of homelessness in Whitehorse. This Plan is an attempt to highlight what needs to happen to end and prevent homelessness, and to support better community coordination to provide better care for vulnerable people. This plan is about the whole community, all of us, working together and saying, ‘these are the necessary actions to end homelessness in Whitehorse’, it advocates for more...

JOURNAL NAME: WALDEN DISSERTATIONS AND DOCTORAL STUDIES
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Since the 1990s, homelessness has increased in Canada. The existing strategies of the government and public health service providers to manage the situation have had limited success. Researchers have noted the lack of including those experiencing homelessness to better understand and find a solution to homelessness. The purpose of this phenomenological study, driven by the social cognitive theory, was to understand homelessness from the...

JOURNAL NAME: European Journal of Homelessness
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study analyses the pathways between housing and homelessness of young income support recipients in Helsinki. The data used is unique in the Scandinavian and European context. The data covers all young (19-27 years at the end of 2008) single people in Helsinki, who received income support for at least one month during 2008-2010. Subgroups of the homeless young adults, based on the duration of homelessness and the stability of the homeless...

JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Health Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Objective: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults. Methods: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11.9) self-reported sleep adequacy, sleep duration, unintentional sleep during the daytime, distress tolerance, urban stress, and days of poor mental health and days of poor physical health over the last month. The indirect effects...

JOURNAL NAME: Evaluation and Program Planning
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This study investigated the association between program cultural competence and homeless individuals’ drug use after treatment in Los Angeles County, California. Los Angeles County has the largest and most diverse population of homeless individuals in the nation. We randomly selected for analysis 52 drug-treatment programs and 2158 participants who identified as homeless in the Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System in 2011. We...

JOURNAL NAME: Professional School Counseling
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

This qualitative study explored the experiences of 23 school counselors in addressing the needs of students experiencing homelessness. Phenomenological analysis revealed two overarching themes: (a) school counselors as the first line of support and (b) the desire to help while feeling helpless. Findings suggest that participants feel underprepared to support the needs of students experiencing homelessness. They face challenges identifying...

JOURNAL NAME: Cureus
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Learners in the emergency department (ED) frequently encounter individuals who are homeless. We sought to evaluate the effect of an inner city emergency medicine rotation at the Royal Alexandra Hospital (RAH) on the attitudes of medical students and residents towards this population.

JOURNAL NAME: Health and Social Care in the Community
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Both loneliness and a lack of social integration are associated with serious physical and psychological health issues. One population highly susceptible to social isolation and loneliness are individuals who are homeless, who also experience high rates of mental disorder and relationship breakdown. Despite this, little research has explored how social networks, isolation and loneliness are experienced for those with a history of homelessness...

JOURNAL NAME: SAGE Health Education & Behavior
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The homeless represent an extremely disadvantaged population that fare worse than minority groups in access to preventive services and health, and minority groups fare worse than Whites. Early detection screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) saves lives, but empirical data about CRC screening practices among homeless Blacks and Whites are limited. Psychosocial risk factors may serve as a barrier to CRC screening completion among homeless Black...

JOURNAL NAME: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Since the homeless are at greater risk of encountering health problems than the general population, the reasons for and incidence of their presentations to emergency departments also vary. The purpose of this study was to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of Turkish homeless patients who brought to the emergency department by ...

JOURNAL NAME: MMU Psychology Journal (Dissertations)
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Previous research into youth homelessness has primarily focused on specific aspects within one’s homeless experience. This study offers exclusive access to four young adults who experienced homelessness as adolescents. Exploration of their retrospective experiences has the potential to inform professionals of the key influences involved in helping one exit homelessness successfully. Participants were recruited through opportunity sampling,...

JOURNAL NAME: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
RESOURCE TYPE: Journal
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

Purpose: To assess whether the current food security measurement tool used in Canada, the Canadian Community Health Survey, is appropriate for use with homeless adults.

Methods: The Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM), a validated measurement tool utilized for determining the food security status of Canadian households, was used with a group of homeless men (n = 40). In-depth interviews were also conducted with...

ORGANIZATION: Urban Institute
RESOURCE TYPE: Report
PUBLICATION DATE: 2017

The purpose of this study was to develop and pretest a human trafficking screening tool (HTST) to capture the victimization experiences of young people involved in the child welfare (CW) and runaway and homeless youth (RHY) systems, as practitioners in these systems lacked such a consensus screening tool. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) contracted with the Urban Institute to develop this tool in response to the 2014...

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