Those who are homeless in Toronto have significantly higher than average death rates. They are 29 times more likely to have hepatitis C. They are also more likely to have heart disease, cancer and diabetes. Those experiencing homelessness have less access to healthcare. Over 50% reported not having a family doctor. The realities of increased illness, lack of treatment and lack of access also affects their ability to access end of life services.
Increasing Access—A Qualitative Study of Homelessness and Palliative Care in a Major Urban Center was published in the American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 30(3), 268-270 in 2013.