Adverse Childhood Experiences and First-Time Homelessness Among a Community Sample of Sexual and Gender Minority Adults

Sexual and gender minorities (SGM; i.e. lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual and other identities aka LGBTQIA+) experience homelessness at disproportionately higher rates than their cisgender and heterosexual peers. Adverse childhood experiences (ACE)—experiences of abuse, neglect, or challenges in the family setting—have been identified as a key risk factor for experiencing homelessness. The present study assessed the relationship between ACE and first-time homelessness in a community sample of SGM adults in South Texas. Participants (n = 910) completed a cross-sectional survey and logistic regression models were used to estimate associations with first-time homelessness childhood and adulthood. Adjusting for covariates, the odds of first-time homelessness increased by 1.58 times in childhood (95% CI = 1.36–1.84) and 1.33 times in adulthood (95% CI = 1.21–1.46) for every additional ACE reported. Specific ACE categories were also associated with homelessness experiences. Research is needed to understand the breadth of causes and consequences of homelessness among SGM individuals.

Publication Date: 
2024
Journal Name: 
Journal of Social Distress and Homelessness