Hard Edges: Mapping Severe and Multiple Disadvantage

This study sought to provide a statistical profile of a key manifestation of ‘severe and multiple disadvantage’ (SMD) in England. In this report, SMD is a shorthand term used to signify the problems faced by adults involved in the homelessness, substance misuse and criminal justice systems in England, with poverty an almost universal, and mental ill-health a common, complicating factor. The study also included an initial qualitative scoping phase.

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