Housing Trajectories and the Risk of Homelessness Among New Mental Health Service Users: Protocol for the AMONT Study

Aims

High rates of mental illness among individuals experiencing homelessness, as well as documented contacts with psychiatric services prior to episodes of homelessness, indicate that early intervention could play a key role in homelessness prevention. Decision-makers and clinical teams need longitudinal data on housing trajectories following initial contact with psychiatric services, as well as on predictors of risk of housing instability and homelessness. This paper describes the AMONT study, a mixed-methods naturalistic longitudinal cohort study of individuals identified as new psychiatric service users in seven clinical sites across the province of Québec (Canada).

Methods

The goal of AMONT is to examine the housing situations of individuals over 36 months after their initial contact with psychiatric services, and to identify environmental and individual correlates and predictors of housing outcomes. Participants complete a broad battery of instruments at baseline and follow-up assessments after 24 and 36 months. We explore housing stability following an initial episode of psychiatric service use from the perspective of service users, family members, and service providers, through qualitative interviews.

Results and Conclusions

The findings from the AMONT study will yield a better understanding of the residential pathways of individuals with mental illness, from their first contact with psychiatric services and for 3 years subsequently. This will inform service providers, decision-makers and managers on the specific housing concerns and issues that affect first-time mental health service users. This in turn can lead to the development and implementation of evidence-informed practices and policies that aim to prevent instability and homelessness.

Publication Date: 
2023
Pages: 
495-501
Volume: 
17
Issue: 
5
Journal Name: 
Early Intervention in Psychiatry