No Vacancy: Afforability & Homelessness in Vancouver

Executive Summary:

Recent point-in-time homeless counts in Metro Vancouver and City of Vancouver indicate a growing number of people experiencing homelessness in our community. Despite government investments in social housing and rent supplements, more people are homeless in Metro Vancouver than ever before. 

Homelessness is the result of the interplay between structural factors (e.g. cost of housing and income), systemic failures where people “fall through the cracks” (e.g. discharge from hospitals without housing), and life circumstances (e.g. job loss, illness, or family violence). While all three elements are important, this report examines the structural factors which lead to homelessness. It complements the point in time count by reporting on factors such as vacancy at low-end-of-market, costs of average rent, available income, cost of living, and social housing built and rent supplements provided.

The results of this research are alarming. In the Metro Vancouver region:

  • Shelter occupancy is at 97%, and the percentage of women in shelters has grown from 28% in 2011-2012 to 32% in 2015-2016.
  • Vacancy for most affordable rental units is below 1% and has dropped for most categories in the last year. In the most extreme category (bachelor suites renting at less than $750 in the City of Vancouver) vacancy is 0.1%.
  • The supply of bachelor and one bedroom suites at the low end of market (renting at less than $750) has declined.
  • While there are 42,171 permanent subsidized housing units and new units have been added yearly, more than 10,000 individuals or families in Metro Vancouver are on BC’s Housing Registry, waiting for suitable housing.
  • In 2012 the number of senior applicants on the Housing Registry was 2,553 and by March 2016 this increased to 3,516 applicants, which represents a 38% increase.
  • Income assistance has not increased in 9 years while average market rent has increased every year since 2010.
  • The number of people housed by homelessness outreach programs has increased over the past five years.
  • Rent supplements have increased from 607 in 2011- 2012 to 1516 in 2015-2016, with particular focus on subsidies for formerly homeless individuals.

Despite the positive steps that have been taken, virtually every indicator points to an increase in homelessness and housing insecurity in Metro Vancouver, both now and in coming years as a result of structural factors, often beyond an individual’s control.

Unless significant action is taken to address these structural factors, homelessness will continue to impact a growing number of individuals and families.

Publication Date: 
Vancouver, B.C., Canada