The Precarity Penalty - Executive Summary: York Region

This report compares the findings for York Region with the findings for the entire Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) region as reported in The Precarity Penalty: The impact of employment precarity on individuals, households and communities―and what to do about It (Executive Summary). The Precarity Penalty reported findings from a survey of individuals done in 2014 in the GTHA. The Precarity Penalty is a follow-up to It’s More than Poverty: Employment Precarity and Household Well-being, which used survey data collected in 2011 in the GTHA. The York Region findings are based on the combined data from the 2011 and the 2014 surveys conducted by the Poverty and Employment Precarity in Southern Ontario (PEPSO) research group. 

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